Indian music has a very
long, unbroken tradition - the accumulated heritage of centuries. The
origin can be traced back to the Vedic times - nearly two thousand
years ago. The culture of India, today, is an outcome of the
interaction and interweaving of races and cultures, both indigenous
and foreign; and it is the study of the contribution of these various
races and tribes that gives us the picture of the evolution of Indian
music. The Mongoloids, the Dravidians, and the Aryans, have all
contributed to the complexity of the Indian culture.
Indian Music is popularly known as Hindustani Music and South Indian
Music is known as Carnatic Music. Their origin is the same, only
the approach and styles are different. When and how the two main
schools crystallised would be an interesting study but the earliest
treatises of Indian music do not make any distinction between the
northern and southern school of thought.