New Delhi [India], Jan. 31 : "Every Indian city faces serious challenges related to water and power supply, waste management, public transport, education, healthcare, safety, and pollution due to large infrastructure deficits, inadequate finances, and poor governance capacities" Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said Tuesday while tabling the Economic Survey 2016-17 in Parliament.
Jaitley said Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), having primary responsibility for the development and service provisioning of cities, face major and inextricably linked problems.
The analysis carried out for the Survey has found that greater service delivery is correlated with more resources, own revenue, staffing and capital spending per capita.
An analysis indicates no clear relationship between service delivery and governance. Underlining that one promising source of revenue is property tax and currently, tax revenues are not constrained by inadequate taxation powers of ULBs, the study has shown that Metro Cities Bengaluru and Jaipur are currently collecting no more than 5-20 per cent of their respective potentials for property tax.
The study done for the survey shows that property tax potential is large and can be tapped to generate additional revenue at city level.
Satellite imagery can be a useful tool for improving urban governance by facilitating better property tax compliance.
"Competition between States is becoming a powerful dynamic of change and progress, that dynamic must extend to competition between States and Cities and between cities.
Cities that are entrusted with responsibilities, empowered with resources, and encumbered by accountability can become effective vehicles for competitive federalism and, indeed, competitive sub-federalism to be unleashed".
Union Finance Minister said..